Lexicon

Alcantara

Alcantara is the result of a unique technology, Alcantara is a trade name best described as an artificial substitute for suede leather. A thoroughly avant-garde material, it has aesthetic, technical and sensory qualities that no other material can equal. Blackout Dimout – It is a backing fabric used to block the light, especially in public places such as restaurants and hotels, and rooms with high solar exposure. One dims down the light while the other one blocks it.

Brocade

Brocade is a kind of richly decorative jacquard fabric with the design on the fabric face side only. Brocades are often made in colored silks with gold and silver threads and are mostly used for furnishings.

Chenille Yarn

Chenille, French word for caterpillar, is a type of fabric named for the unique process by which it is made and that visually resembles processionary caterpillars.

Chintz

Chintz is a printed, patterned and glazed cotton fabric, usually of bright colors.

Coated Fabric

Coated fabrics are covered on one or both sides with a water-repellent coating.

Color Fastness

The color fastness is the resistance of the fabric's color to fading. It is a common attribute to outdoor fabrics.

Cotton

Cotton is a type of absorbent cloth made of natural vegetable seed fibers from the cotton plant.

Curtain Poles and Hardware

Necessary for the installation of curtains, curtain hardware consists of poles, rods and finials. They come in a variation of styles and sizes, depending on the frame size of the window and esthetic preferences.

Damask

Damasks derive their name from the city of Damascus and are reversible figured fabrics of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers, with a pattern formed by weaving.

Denim

Denim is a sturdy cotton twill textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads.

Dupion

Dupion is a very luminous plain weave also described as a crisp type of silk fabric, slightly heavier and thicker than regular silk. Very sensitive to sunlight, a backing must be used to protect the fabric when it is crafted into a curtain.

Durability

The durability of a fabric varies according to its usage and location: for example, whether the piece is going to be in a high traffic area such as living rooms, or used for decoration purposes like occasional dining rooms. Sun and UV protection and color fastness are other criteria of durability.

Dyeing

Dyeing is the chemical process of coloring the woven fabric with natural or artificial pigments. Single yarns can be individually dyed prior to being woven.

Embossing

Embossing refers to the technique of producing a relief pattern on a fabric through the application of heat and pressure.

Embroidery

The art of working ornamental designs in threads of silk, cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon any woven fabric or leather, with a needle.

Fabric Width

Fabric rolls vary between two different ranges of width depending on their production and use. Single-width fabric rolls come 1.40 meters wide, used for upholstery and decoration. Double-width fabrics measure up to 2.8 meters sometimes reaching 3.2 meters wide and are mainly prints, draperies and sheers used for large curtain poles and window bays.

Faux Leather

Faux leather, called artificial leather, stands as an alternative fabric for leather in upholstery, clothing, and other uses where leather is cost-prohibitive, unsuitable, or unusable for ethical reasons.

Faux Suede

Artificial suede is a fabric often used in upholstery. It is designed to mimic the look and softness of regular suede, which is a leather product made from the undersides of animal skins. Faux versions are less expensive and easier to clean and maintain.

Felt

Felt is a kind of cloth made by rolling and pressing wool textile accompanied by the application of moisture or heat, which causes the constituent fibers to mat together and create a smooth and compact surface.

Finish

The finish is a physical or chemical process textile materials go through for better appearance, handle or performance.

Fire Retardant

Fire retardant or resistant fabrics are either woven with a special inherent yarn or applied with a chemical finish to significantly reduce or delay combustion of the material after weaving. Fire resistant fabrics are specifically conceived for hotels and other public areas as protection and safety standards.

Ground

The ground of a fabric is the base structure that forms the main body of the fabric. The ground also refers to the background part of the design in a fabric.

Herringbone

The herringbone is a distinctive V-shaped weaving pattern that resembles the skeleton of a herring fish.

Ikat

The Ikat is originally a dyeing process through which the yarn is, prior to being woven, treated to resist against the dye, resulting in a patterned fabric after weaving. The resulting pattern is also called Ikat.

Jacquard

Jacquard is a weaving process with its respective loom, named after their inventor Joseph Marie Jacquard. The Jacquard mechanism is one of the most important weaving inventions as it made possible the automatic production of unlimited varieties of pattern weaving.

Lace

Lace is an openwork fabric, patterned with open holes in the work, made by machine or by hand. Lace-making is an ancient craft.

Laminated Fabric

A laminated fabric is composed of one or more textile layers topped with a protective lamination film, enhancing its durability without affecting its appearance.

Lampas

A lampas is a luxury furnishing fabric that is remarkably thick, with classical or floral patterns on a neutral satin ground. Gold and silver threads of silks are often used. What characterizes this fabric is how horizontal bands of yarns can be seen on the underside.

Linen

Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. It is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.

Loom

A loom is a device used to weave cloth. The precise shape of the loom and its mechanics may vary, but the basic function is the same.

Molleton

Also known as flannel, molleton is a foamy fabric used in underlining curtains and bedcovers to add structure and weight prior to installation.

Metallic Fiber

During manufacture, metallic fibers are composed of metal, plastic-coated metal, metal-coated plastic, or a core completely covered by metal. Gold and silver have been used since ancient times as yarns for fabric decoration. The Indian zari thread used on embroideries is a fine example.

Microfiber

Microfiber fabrics are composed of synthetic fibers that have a distinguished powdered feel. Extremely thin and smooth, microfibers are an excellent alternative for velvet since they are more economical, harder to stain and easier to clean.

Moiré

A type of textile, traditionally of silk but now also of cotton or synthetic fiber, with a rippled or 'watered' appearance that gives it a unique antique aspect on the surface.

Nonwoven Fabric

Non-woven fabrics are made from long fibers, bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in the textile manufacturing industry to denote fabrics such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted.

Nonwoven Wallpaper

Qualified as the friendliest of all wall coverings, nonwoven wallpapers are made of a special blend of natural and synthetic fibers, making them washable and breathable. These wall coverings are also tear-resistant. This is a great advantage as the wallpapers will not get torn during installation or removal.

Organza

Organza is a thin, plain weave, sheer fabric traditionally made from silk. Many modern organzas are woven with synthetic filament fibers such as polyester. Double-width organzas are used as sheer curtains.

Ottoman

Ottoman is a fabric with a pronounced ribbed or corded effect, traditionally made of silk or a mixture of cotton and other silk like yarns. Artificial silk is used instead to create a cheaper yet accessible alternative.

Outdoor Fabric

Outdoor fabrics are treated to become resistant to the outdoor elements such as UV rays, winds, extreme heat, humidity, and water. They are usually synthetic fabrics that are woven with high-resistance proofing materials such as polypropylene or polyacrylic yarns.

Paisley

A pattern that became very popular in the West in the 18th and 19th centuries, following imports from British India, especially in the form of Kashmir shawls. Paisley patterns then became imitated locally and broadly.

Pattern

A pattern is a regular decorative shape or sequence that repeats itself across a surface of the fabric.

Pile

The pile of a fabric is the raised surface or nap of a fabric, which is made of upright loops or strands of yarn. It is commonly denoted in velvet.

Pleated

Pleating is associated to a finish that reduces the original size of the fabric. Pleated fabrics, also called plissé and widely used in curtains, are particularly treated to have regular or irregular folds on the surface, resulting in a wrinkled effect.

Polyester

Polyester fabrics are manufactured and have superior water, wind and environmental resistances. They offer economical advantages over natural fabrics as they have a better wrinkle resistance and durability and a higher color retention. Polyester fibers are sometimes spun together with natural fibers to produce a cloth with blended properties.

Print

Print refers to the processes through which colors are applied in specific designs and bonded with the fiber, so as to resist washing and friction. The most popular methods of printing onto textile are digital printing and screen printing.

Rafia

Rafia is a fabric made of natural fibers, obtained from the leaves of the raffia palm, used for tying plants and other objects and for making mats, baskets, hats, and the like.

Roller blind

A roller blind is a piece of fabric fixed onto a roller that can be pulled down to cover a window, blocking the light. Roller blinds are decorative, practical and durable window treatment.

Satin

Satin refers to a type of weave where the yarns are thin and compact, resulting in a very soft fabric. Made of silk or polyester, satin weaves characteristically have a glossy surface, dull back and high luster.

Silk

Silk is a natural animal protein fiber obtained from the cocoons produced by silkworms.

Sheer

Sheer fabric is made using thin thread and or low density of knit, resulting in a semi-transparent and flimsy cloth.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen fabrics are breathable and have optical and thermal properties. An ideal supplement both indoors and outdoors, sunscreens enhance the comfort as they regulate the temperature while protecting from the harmful sun radiations and outdoor elements. They are also washable.

Taffeta

Taffeta is a crisp, smooth, plain woven fabric made from silk or synthetic fibers that frequently has a lustrous surface.

Trimmings

Also called tassels, trimmings are a pendant fabric ornament consisting of threads or small cords that hang from a rounded knob. Trimmings are prominently used on curtains, armchairs and cushions.

Tulle

A lightweight, thin, very fine netting that is characterized by its perforated effect.

Twill

Twill is a type of textile with a twill weave where the interlacing of the yarns shows a diagonal pattern on the fabric (in contrast with a satin and plain weave). Because of its structure, twills drape well.

Upholstery

Upholstery fabrics are used to cover seating furniture such as chairs, sofas, sitting booths, car seats, yacht interiors, etc.

Velvet

Velvet is a fabric made of silk, cotton, viscose, or other synthetic fibers and is identified by a thick, short and soft pile on one side, formed of loops that are cut at the extremities. Velvet – Loop Pile: Loop velvet is the same as ordinary velvet except that the loops of the pile remain uncut at the extremities.

Venetian Blind

Venetian blinds have multiple horizontal slats that may be set simultaneously at different angles in order to control the amount of light admitted into a room and regulate ventilation, thus acting as a light and temperature isolator.

Vinyl Wallpaper

Vinyl wallpapers are easy to clean and unaffected by long term exposure to humidity or grease. They are especially recommended for bathroom, kitchen and even basement walls.

Warp

The warp of a fabric consists of the longitudinal yarns that run lengthways during and after the weaving process.

Weaving

Method of constructing fabric by interlacing warp and weft yarns.

Weft

The weft is horizontal yarns that run widthways between the warp yarns.